search icon
      blog search icon

      What are Liquid Assets? Benefits & Examples

      By Fahim Awan

      Published on

      May 25, 2023

      1:45 PM UTC

      Last Updated on

      May 27, 2023

      2:02 PM UTC

      What are Liquid Assets? Benefits & Examples

      Liquid assets are a vital component of any financial portfolio, providing quick access to funds when needed. So, what are liquid assets? These are the assets which can be easily converted into cash without significant loss of value, making them highly desirable in emergency situations or for short-term investments.

      From stocks and bonds to cash and savings accounts, liquid assets offer numerous benefits to investors.

      They provide flexibility, safety, and liquidity in times of market turbulence and can be used to fund unexpected expenses or take advantage of investment opportunities.

      Understanding liquid assets is crucial for personal finance and investing as they can provide quick access to funds in case of emergencies or opportunities. Neglecting this can lead to missed opportunities and financial instability.

      In this article, we’ll explore what are liquid assets and the benefits of liquid assets and examine some examples of commonly used options.

      Understanding Liquid Assets

      Liquid assets are assets that can be easily converted into cash without significant loss of value.

      These types of assets are crucial for individuals and businesses to have as they provide financial flexibility and can be used to cover unexpected expenses or take advantage of investment opportunities.

      So let’s try to understand what are liquid assets.

      • What Are Liquid Assets?

        There are several types of liquid assets, including cash, money market accounts, stocks, bonds, and mutual funds. Cash is the most liquid asset as it can be used immediately to cover expenses or make purchases.

        Money market accounts are similar to savings accounts but typically offer higher interest rates and have limited check-writing capabilities.

        Stocks, bonds, and mutual funds can all be sold quickly on the stock market, making them liquid assets. Additionally, it is important to answer the question of “Are stocks considered liquid assets”, which they are.

      • Importance Of Liquid Assets

        Having a sufficient amount of liquid assets is important for individuals and businesses to maintain financial stability.

        In the event of an emergency, having liquid assets can provide a cushion to cover unexpected expenses without having to resort to borrowing or selling long-term assets.

        For businesses, having liquid assets can allow for quick investments in growth opportunities or the ability to weather unexpected changes in the market.

      • Risks And Considerations

        While liquid assets are important, there are risks and considerations to keep in mind. Keeping too much cash can result in missed investment opportunities and inflation risk.

        Investing in stocks, bonds, and mutual funds carries market risk, meaning the value of these assets can fluctuate with changes in the market.

        It’s important to strike a balance between having enough liquid assets to cover expenses and invest in opportunities, while also managing risk.

      How Liquid Assets Work

      As a result of gaining a better understanding what are liquid assets, it is evident that they are essential components of a well-diversified investment portfolio.

      Liquid assets provide an indicator of the financial health of both individuals and organizations. Now, we’ll explore how liquid assets work, their benefits, and some examples of commonly held liquid assets.

      • Benefits Of Liquid Assets

        One of the main benefits of liquid assets is that they provide quick access to cash.

        In times of financial emergencies or unforeseen expenses, having liquid assets ensures that individuals or organizations have the necessary funds to meet their obligations without having to resort to taking on debt or selling off other investments.

      • How Liquid Assets Are Valued

        The value of liquid assets can fluctuate based on market conditions and the demand for them. Their value is typically determined by the prevailing market price, which can change rapidly due to market fluctuations.

      Types Of Liquid Assets

      For a better understanding of what are liquid assets, we also have to familiarize ourselves with some common examples of liquid assets.

      Those include cash, bank deposits, money market funds, and stocks or bonds that are actively traded in the market. The level of liquidity can vary among these assets, with cash being the most liquid and stocks or bonds being less liquid.

      • Cash

        Cash is the most liquid asset, meaning it can be easily and quickly converted into other assets or used to make purchases. It can be in the form of physical currency, bank deposits, or other types of easily accessible accounts.

      • Stocks

        Stocks represent ownership in a company and can be bought and sold on stock exchanges. The response to “are stocks considered liquid assets” is indeed a yes, but they come with a higher level of risk with the possibility of high returns.

      • Bonds

        Bonds are debt securities that are issued by companies or governments to raise capital. They offer a fixed rate of return but are generally less risky than stocks.

      • Money Market Accounts

        Money Market Accounts are interest-bearing accounts that typically offer higher interest rates than standard savings accounts. They are considered low-risk investments.

      • Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)

        Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) are investment funds that are traded on stock exchanges, similar to stocks. They offer the diversification of a mutual fund with the flexibility and tradability of a stock.

      • Mutual Funds

        Mutual Funds are investment vehicles that pool money from multiple investors to purchase a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, or other assets. They offer professional management and diversification but may come with higher fees.

        Each type of liquid asset offers different benefits and risks, and an investor’s choice will depend on their financial goals and risk tolerance.

      Examples Of Liquid Assets

      To get a better understanding of what is liquid assets examples; let’s have a look at an example of Apple Inc (AAPL) that has a significant amount of liquid assets.

      • Cash & Cash Equivalents

        As of its latest financial statement of December 31, 2022, the tech giant reported over $2.627 billion in cash and cash equivalents, which includes investments in marketable securities.

      • Inventory

        The total inventory of Apple during that quarter was $6.82 billion. Taking all of these factors into account, Apple’s current assets at the time amounted to $128.78 billion.

      • How It Helped AAPL?

        Apple’s massive cash reserve allows it to quickly respond to new opportunities or unexpected challenges.

        For instance, in 2020, AAPL was able to weather the economic downturn caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and still announced plans to invest over $430 billion in US-based projects over the next five years.

        This level of financial flexibility and agility is a result of Apple’s significant liquid asset holdings, which continue to play a critical role in its success.

      • How To Invest In Liquid Assets

        Investing in and understanding what are liquid assets can be a great way to build wealth, as these assets can be easily converted to cash without losing value. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to invest in liquid assets:

        • Step 1: Define Your Investment Goals and Risk Tolerance

          Before investing in any liquid asset, it’s important to determine your investment goals and risk tolerance. This will help you determine the types of liquid assets that are suitable for your investment needs.

        • Step 2: Research Different Types of Liquid Assets

          There are many different types of liquid assets, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and money market funds.

          Each type of asset comes with its own set of risks and potential returns, so it’s important to research and understand each one before investing.

        • Step 3: Open A Brokerage Account

          To invest in liquid assets, you’ll need to open a brokerage account with a reputable brokerage firm. This will give you access to the markets and allow you to buy and sell liquid assets.

        • Step 4: Determine Your Investment Strategy

          Depending on your investment goals and risk tolerance, you may want to adopt a certain investment strategy. This could include diversification, dollar-cost averaging, or value investing, among others.

        • Step 5: Invest In A Diversified Portfolio Of Liquid Assets

          One of the key principles of investing is to diversify your portfolio to minimize risk. This means investing in a variety of liquid assets across different sectors and industries.

        • Step 6: Monitor Your Investments Regularly

          Investing in liquid assets requires regular monitoring and adjustments to your portfolio. This will help you stay on track with your investment goals and make any necessary changes based on market conditions.

      • Risks Of Liquid Assets

        In addition to learning about what are liquid assets, it is also important to know the risks associated with them. In order to understand these risks, let’s explore some of them.

        Liquid assets refer to assets that can be easily converted into cash without significant loss of value. While they offer many benefits, such as quick access to cash and high liquidity, they also come with several risks. Here are some of the key risks of liquid assets:

        • The value of liquid assets can fluctuate rapidly, which can result in significant losses if the market takes a downturn.
        • Inflation can erode the value of liquid assets over time, which can reduce their purchasing power.
        • Changes in interest rates can affect the value of liquid assets, particularly bonds, and other fixed-income securities.
        • Liquid assets can be vulnerable to fraud, particularly if they are held in unregulated markets or by unscrupulous brokers.
        • Holding too many liquid assets can result in a lack of diversification, which can increase the overall risk of a portfolio.
      • Liquid Assets Vs. Non-Liquid Assets

        Liquid assets and non-liquid assets are terms used in finance to describe the ease of converting an asset into cash.

        Liquid assets are those that can easily be converted into cash or used to make purchases, while non-liquid assets take more time and effort to convert into cash.

        Here’s a table to compare the two:

        Liquid Assets Non-Liquid Assets
        Easily convertible into cash without significant loss of value. Not easily convertible into cash without significant loss of value.
        Examples include cash, checking accounts, savings accounts, marketable securities, and money market accounts. Examples include real estate, vehicles, jewelry, artwork, and antiques.
        Can be used for immediate expenses or emergencies. Cannot be used for immediate expenses or emergencies.
        Generally low risk and provide a low rate of return. Generally higher risk and provide a higher rate of return.
        Provide flexibility in managing financial obligations. Generally require a longer time horizon for investment and divestment.
        Easily transferable between different forms of currency. Difficult to transfer between different forms of currency.


      Liquid assets are an essential component of any financially savvy individual’s portfolio.

      They offer a range of benefits, including the ability to quickly access funds, diversify investments, and provide a safety net in case of unexpected emergencies.

      Also, knowing what are liquid assets examples by exploring different real company scenarios could provide the investors with a better understanding of the flexibility it offers.

      This will allow them for more dynamic decision-making in response to changes in the market.

      By maintaining a healthy balance of liquid assets, individuals can achieve financial stability and peace of mind, knowing that they have the resources to weather any financial storm.

      So, whether you’re just starting your investment journey or looking to optimize your existing portfolio, knowing what are liquid assets is an important tool to consider.

      More From Stocks telegraph